We are blessed with a beautiful sanctuary rich with symbolism. Of particular beauty are the stained glass windows, that lead us into many stories about our scriptures, our faith and our world. Many of the windows depict key historical figures who have influenced the mission and goals of our church.
The Te Deum Window, above the altar, is the work of Wilbur Herbert Burnham of Boston. He also designed windows for The Riverside Church and the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City. The window is based on the ancient hymn, Te Deum Laudamus or Praise to God. The center panel shows Christ with an uplifted right hand, conferring a blessing or benediction. On either side of the window are angels, archangels, cherubim and seraphim. The lower panel depicts people of all nationalities and economic status. St. Peter (holding the key) is in the upper left panel, and Moses is in the panel below. St. Barbara of Bithynia (the first woman martyr) is in the upper right panel, and St. Augustine is in the panel below.
The Rose Window is on the north wall, over the back balcony. It is Wilbur Burnham’s interpretation of the 150th Psalm, exclaiming the praise of God. The central cusp is the cross and crown of Christ, symbolizing victory through sacrifice.
The Clerestory Windows are the large windows above the Aisle Windows. They were dedicated on 12 October 1947. They are the work of Wilbur Herbert Burnham of Boston. The theme of these windows is a Declaration of Faith, taken from the Apostles’ Creed, the Korean Creed, and the Modern Creed (all of which can be found in our Hymnal).
The three windows in the Chancel (the area that includes the altar & choir) are:
GOD: We believe in God
An upright hand with 2 fingers extended in benediction
An eye in a triangle
JESUS CHRIST: We believe in Jesus Christ
ISH–first 3 letters in the Greek word for Jesus, ISHOY
The Chi Rho symbol (P with an X through it)
A pelican, for piety
HOLY SPIRIT: We believe in the Holy Spirit
A descending dove
7 small flames
7 small torches
There are ten windows in the Nave (the main part of the sanctuary), beginning near the Lectern and moving toward the Sumner Avenue doors and then back toward the Pulpit. The descriptions identify the figures in each one, moving from left to right, beginning with the lancets above and then the medallions below.
GRACE: We believe in the forgiveness of sins.
Hosea, extending his hand in forgiveness to Gomer, his errant wife
Mary of Magdala
Penitent thief on a cross: “Jesus, remember me.”
A load of sin falling from a Christian’s back, in Pilgrim’s Progress
Jesus telling the Adulterer, “Neither do I condemn thee.”
3 crosses on Calvary, with the message, “Father, forgive them.”
LOVE: We believe in the life of love.
Abraham: “against hope, he believed in hope”
John, the beloved disciple
Centurion, with his arm around his servant, whom Jesus healed
Melchizedek, blessing Abraham
John with Mary
Jesus & the Centurion
PRAYER: We believe in the life of prayer.
A youth: “Young men shall see visions” Joel 2:28 & Acts 2:17
The Publican, who went up to the temple to pray
Simeon: “and your old men shall dream dreams”
Young boy kneeling in prayer
Couple in the attitude of prayer
Jesus being brought to the Temple for dedication
CHILDREN OF GOD: We believe in the relatedness of all people.
A Shepherd, representing other faiths of the world
Simon of Cyrene, who bore Christ’s cross
A Jewish Rabbi
Adults of a different nationalities
Children of different races before the cross of Christ
Adults of a different professions
BIBLE: We believe in the Word of God.
Isaiah, representing the Old Testament
Luke, representing the New Testament
John Wycliffe, who translated the Bible into English
A Lamp: “Thy Word is a lamp unto my feet” –Psalm 119:105
Paul, author of 13 letters in the New Testament
William Tyndale, printer of the Bible in English, who said, “I will one day make the boy that drives the plow in England to know more of the Scripture than does the Pope.”
CHURCH: We believe in the Church of Jesus Christ.
Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism
Paul, founder of the Christian Church
John Wesley, founder of Methodism, who said, “The world is my parish.”
Martin Luther, nailing his theses on the door of Wittenberg Cathedral
Paul, having his conversion experience on the road to Damascus
John Wesley, preaching to the miners in Bristol, England
WORSHIP: We believe in a fellowship for worship.
St. Francis of Assisi, representing mysticism
St. Cecelia, inventor of the organ, according to tradition
Fra Angelico, artist
The medallions below represent the consecration of these three people
SERVICE: We believe in a fellowship for service.
Timothy, representing ordination into the Ministry
KINGDOM: We believe in the Kingdom of God.
Melville B. Cox, first Methodist missionary sent to Africa
St. Phillip, who converted the Ethiopian ruler
General William Booth, symbolizing Home Missions; he was originally a Methodist, and founded the Salvation Army
Good Samaritan, representing the ministry of healing
A cluster of children “of such is the Kingdom”
Beating of swords into plowshares, symbolizing peace
IMMORTALITY: We believe in the Life Everlasting.
An angel above the empty tomb: “He is Risen.”
An Indian on horseback, looking toward the setting sun, indicative of the universality of immortality
Job, and his great faith that “Yet shall I see God.”
“Beside Still Waters” painting by Cornoyer, which hung over the altar of Trinity Church, Bridge Street, and now hangs in the assembly hall of the High School of Commerce.
The Aisle Windows are at eye level in the nave. Their theme is the light of Christ in the life of civilization. Each Aisle Window also has a medallion below it.
The descriptions begin with the Aisle Window near the Lectern and move toward the Sumner Avenue doors and then back toward the Pulpit.
WORSHIP (before Christianity)
Moses, holding the ten commandments & a staff with a serpent’s head
Medallion: Samuel, kneeling in prayer
TRUTH (before Christianity)
Socrates, Greek philosopher
Medallion: shepherds with their flock, gazing at the Star
MYSTICISM (0-500 A.D.)
St John, holding a chalice & a volume
Medallion: St. Monica & her son, St. Augustine, the greatest of mystics & theologians after the Apostolic Age
FAITH (0-500 A.D.)
St. Paul, holding a sword
Medallion: the Haystack Prayer Meeting at Williams College. Students were caught in a thunderstorm & took refuge in the haystack. Their discussions there were the foundation of the missionary movement in America.
EDUCATION (500-1000 A.D.)
St. Benedict, holding a staff & a book
Medallion: A girl & boy at the doorway to a church school building
ARCHITECTURE (950-1450 A.D.)
Abbe Suger, founder of Gothic architecture, holding a replica of a Gothic cathedral & a staff; His face is that of Mr. Collens, of Trinity’s architecture firm, Collens, Willis & Beckonert
Medallion: Trinity Church
St. Francis, with a bird on his hand
Medallion: Florence Nightingale, founder of nursing
An Artist; Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo & Raphael, great religious artists, are noted in the window
Medallion: 3 lilies
Joan of Arc
Medallion: George Washington, kneeling in prayer at Valley Forge
Christopher Columbus, holding a globe
Medallion: Gutenberg, inventor of the printing press
Martin Luther, carrying a Bible.
Medallion: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson & John Hancock signing the Declaration of Independence
Galileo, holding a telescope
Medallion: the steamship & the telegraph, two great inventions
William Shakespeare, holding a manual
Medallion: a book, lyre & singing–three forms of poetry
J.S. Bach, at the organ
Medallion: 3 choir boys singing
John Wesley, evangelist & founder of Methodism
Medallion: Francis Asbury, representing early circuit riders
Medallion: the Mayflower
David Livingstone, explorer & missionary in Africa
Medallion: Ghandi, teaching the New Testament
Louis Pasteur, scientist
Medallion: the Good Samaritan
Phillips Brooks, Episcopal preacher from Boston, composer of “O Little Town of Bethlehem”
Medallion: Isaiah’s call in the Temple
Frances Willard, American educator & reformer
Medallion: the women and the angel at the empty tomb
The East Transept Windows were made by Rucco Studios of Haverhill, MA. They all have a memorial theme.
St. George, the saint of courage and martyrdom
St. Michael, the leader of archangels and guardian of our souls
Dr. H. Hughes Wagner, who served as Senior Pastor 1936-1968.
The six men from Trinity who gave up their lives in World War II; above their names is a service flag with six gold stars, the Christian shield, and the shield of the United Nations
The four gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
The Good Will window:
Charles Lindbergh, who flew from the U.S. to Europe in May 1927. At the top is an eagle, suggesting the flight of the Lone Eagle while the Spirit of St. Louis casts a shadow of a cross with Europe and America facing each other.
Medallion: Representatives of the United States, France, & Germany signing the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928, promising not to use war to resolve disputes or conflicts.
The Narthex Windows depict the history of Springfield and Methodism here.
A native American
William Pynchon, 1636 founder of Springfield
William Rice, Hampden County Registrar of Deeds & Treasurer, one of the founders of Pynchon Street Church
Trinity Church on Bridge Street 1869, dedicated by Bishop Matthew Simpson
Pynchon Street Church 1844
Our Singing Tower; Grace Chapel 1925 Asbury Church 1835; Liberty Church 1922
Campanile & Court House 1843
Grace Church 1874, dedicated by Bishop Thomas Bowan
Pynchon Street Church 1844 & Fales H. Newhall who preached there 1853-1855
Our Singing Tower
Bishop Francis Asbury, who preached the first Methodist sermon in Springfield in 1791
1922 merger of Grace & Trinity Churches
1922 Temporary Tabernacle on Oakland Street
1923 Community House
The Baptistery Windows in the West Transept:
In the center of the left window is a cross and two fish. In Greek, the letters IXOYE spell fish, but the letters also form a rebus: I=Jesus, X=Christ, O=God, Y=Savior, E=Son
The middle window shows a young Jesus holding a lamb. In the medallion below, John the Baptist kneels on the river bank with his right hand on the head of Jesus, who is standing in the river Jordan.
In the center of the right window are two Greek letters, Chi and Rho; they are the first two letters of the Greek word for Christ. The letters are surrounded by a wreath, symbolizing victory through Christ.